clrlogodeg.gif 14.53 K Resources for Children of Holocaust Survivors
  Psychological/Psychiatric Studies

FULL DISCLOSURE:

The overwhelming majority of the works cited below were collected by Peter Felix Natan Kellermann, Ph.D. Executive Director of AMCHA - National Israeli Center for Psychosocial Support of Survivors of the Holocaust and the Second Generation. In addition, his citation rules are adopted. The editor thanks him for kindly permitting the republication of his many years of work in collecting these resources.

editor's note: Is your study or paper missing from this list? please email me with the information! Thanks! -J

 

 

 

Adelman A. Yale Child Study Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, USA

"Traumatic Memory and the Intergenerational Transmission of Holocaust Narratives." Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. 50:343-67, 1995

Albeck, H.J. (1994).

"Intergenerational Consequences of Trauma: Reframing Traps in Treatment Theory - A Second Generation Perspective." In M.B. Williams & J.F. Sommer (Eds.), Handbook of Post-Traumatic Therapy. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 106-125.

Aleksandrowicz, D.R. (1973).

"Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." In E.J. Anthony & C. Koupernick (Eds.), The Child and his Family, Vol 2: The Impact of Disease and Death. NY: Wiley, 385-392.

Almagor, M. & Leon, G.R. (1989).

"Transgenerational Effects of the Concentration Camp Experience." In P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds), Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and Their Families. NY: Praeger, 183-195.

Antman, S.R. (1986).

"Offspring of Holocaust Survivors and the Process of Self-actualization and Related Variables." Ph.D. Dissertation. Fresno: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 46:2794].

Apfel, Roberta J., M.D., M.P.H.; Bennett, Simon M.D.

Psychosocial Interventions for Children of War: The Value of a Model of Resiliency

Appelberg, E. (1972).

"Holocaust Survivors and their Children." In N. Linzer (Ed.), The Jewish Family. NY: Federation of Jewish Philanthropy, 109-122.

Auerhahn, N.C. & Laub, D.

(1994). "The Primal Scene of Atrocity: Knowledge and Fantasy of the Holocaust in Children of Survivors." Paper presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress, Chicago, IL.

(1998). "Intergenerational Memory of the Holocaust." In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma. NY: Plenum, 21-41.

_____. & Prelinger, E. (1983).

"Repetition in the Concentration Camp Survivor and her Child." International Review of Psychoanalysis, 10(1), 31-46.

Axelrod, S., Schmipper, O.L. & Rau, J.H. (1980).

"Hospitalized Offspring of Holocaust Survivors." Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 44, 1-14.

Bachar, E. (1994).

"Aggression Expression in Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors: A Comparative Study." Israeli Journal of Psychiatry and Related Disciplines, 31(1), 41-47.

Baider, T. P., P E Hadani, S Perry, R Avramov, A K De-Nour.

"Transmission of resposne to trauma? Second-generation Holocaust survivors' reaction to cancer." American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 2000, 904-910.

Bannasch B. (ed.)

(forthcoming) Verbot der Bilder – Gebot der Erinnerung. Frankfurt-Main: Campus Verlag.

Baranowsky, A.B., Young, M., Johnson-Douglas, S., Williams-Keeler, L. & McCarrey, M. (1998).

"PTSD Transmission: A Review of Secondary Traumatization in Holocaust Survivor Families." Canadian Psychology, 39(4), 247-256.

Barocas, H.A.

(1971). "A Note on the Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." Psychotherapy, 8, 189-190.

(1975). "Children of Purgatory: Reflections on the Concentration Camp Survival Syndrome." International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 21(2), 87-92. [Also published in: Corrective Psychiatry and Journal Social Therapy, 16, 51-58].

(1984). Discussion of “Children of the Holocaust and their Children’s Children: Working through Current Trauma in the Psychotherapeutic Process,” by T. Virag. Dynamic Psychotherapy, 2(1), 61-63.

_____ & Barocas, C.B.

(1973). "Manifestations of Concentration Camp Effects on the Second Generation." American Journal Psychiatry, 130(7), 820-821.

(1979). "Wounds of the Fathers: The Next Generation of Holocaust Victims." International Review of Psycho-Analysisysis, 6, 331-341.

(1980). "Separation-Individuation Conflicts in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 11, 6-14.

Bar-On, Daniel

(1991) Legacy of Silence: Encounters With Children of the Third Reich Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ Press.

(1993). 'First Encounter between Children of Survivors and Children of Perpetrators of the Holocaust.' Journal Humanistic Psychology, 33(4), 6-14. 21.

(1993) Die Last des Schweigens. Gespräche mit Kindern von Nazi- Tätern. Frankfurt: Campus Vlg (1996 edition) (2003 edition)

(1995a). Fear and Hope: Three Generations of the Holocaust. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

(1995b). 'Personal and Historical Catastrophe: Four Encounters between Descendants of Survivors and Descendants of Persecutors of the Holocaust: Building Social Bonds out of Silence." Psychiatry, 58, 225-245.

(1996a). "Attempting to Pvercome the Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma: Dialogue between Descendants of Victims and of Perpetrators." In R.J. Apfel & B. Simon (Eds.), Minefields in Their Hearts: The Mental Health of Children in War and Communal Violence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 165-188.

(1996b). "Studying the Transgenerational After-Effects of the Holocaust in Israel." Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss, 1, 215-247.

(1998) The Indescribable and the Undiscussable: Reconstructing Human Discourse After Trauma Central European University Press.

(2001) Die ' Anderen' in uns. Dialog als Modell der interkulturellen Konfliktbewältigung Körber-Stiftung

(2002) Den Abgrund überbrücken Körber-Stiftung

_____, & Chaitin, J. (2001)

Parenthood and the Holocaust. Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

_____, Eland, J., Kleber, R.J., Krell, R., Moore, Y., Sagi, A., Soriano, E., Suedenfeld, P., van der Velden, P.G. & van Ijzendoorn, M.H. (1998).

"Multigenerational Perspectives on Coping with the Holocaust Experience: An Attachment Perspective for Understanding the Developmental Sequelae of Trauma Across Generations." International Journal Behavioral Development, 22(2), 315-338. (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

_____ & Gilad, N. (1994).

"To Rebuild Life: A Narrative Analysis of Three Generations of an Israeli Holocaust Survivor’s Family." In A. Lieblich & R. Josselson (Eds.), Exploring Identity and Gender: The Narrative Study of Lives, Vol. 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 83-112.

_____, A.P. Hare & K.Brendler (eds). (1997)

Das ist etwas kaputtgegangen an den wurzeln:Identitatsformation deustcher und israelischer Jugendlicher im Schatten des Holocaust. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

_____, A.P. Hare & K.Brendler (eds) (1997).

Das ist etwas kaputtgegangen an den wurzeln:Identitatsformation deustcher und israelischer Jugendlicher im Schatten des Holocaust. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

_____, Hare, A.P. & Chaitin, J. (1997).

"Working through the consequences of the Holocaust in Israeli and German Student Seminars," in D.Bar-On, A.P. Hare & K.Brendler (eds). Das ist etwas kaputtgegangen an den wurzeln:Identitatsformation deustcher und israelischer Jugendlicher im Schatten des Holocaust. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

_____, Ostrovsky, T., & Fromer, D. (1998).

“Who am I in Relation to my Past, in Relation to the Other?” In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma. NY: Plenum, 97-116.

Baron, Lisa (1992)

"Interpersonal adjustment, narcissism, and coping in children of Holocaust survivors" PhD Dissertation, Fordham University [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 53/01, p. 556.

Baron L., Eisman H., Scuello M., Veyzer A., Lieberman M. Division of Disaster Psychiatry, University of Oslo, Joint Norwegian Armed Forces Medical Services, Norway.

"The Impact of the Holocaust on the Second Generation: Norwegian Jewish Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Journal of Traumatic Stress 9(3): 441-54, 1996.

_____, Eisman, L., Scuello, M., Veyzer, A. & Lieberman, M. (1996).

"Stress Reliance, Locus of Control, and Religion in Children of Holocaust Victims". Journal Psychology, 130(5), 513-525.

_____, Reznikoff M.

Narcissism, Interpersonal Adjustment, and Coping in Children of Holocaust Survivors. The Journal of Psychology V 68 Abstract 238, 127(3): 257-69, 1993 May.

Barron, Susan; Climans, Renee

"A Narrative Approach to Working with Aging Holocaust Survivors and Their Families Inside the Institution" "If Not Now" e-Journal Volume 2, Spring 2001

Bauman, Tamar (April 2004)

"The intergenerational transmission of trauma symptoms in children of Holocaust survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation, Pace University. [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 64/10, p. 5205.

Berger, Ellen (Feb. 2004)

"Children of Holocaust survivors: Relations of perceived parental traumatization to attachment styles" Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 64/08, p. 4023

Berger, L. (1988).

"The Long-term Psychological Consequences of the Holocaust on the Survivors and their Offspring." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs, & NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series], 175-221.

Berger-Reiss, D. (1997).

"Generations After the Holocaust: Multigenerational Transmission of Trauma." In B.S. Mark & J.A. Incorvaia (Eds.), The Handbook of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, Vol. 2: New Directions in Integrative Treatment. NY: Aronson, 209-219.

Bergmann, M.S.

(1983). "Therapeutic Issues in the Treatment of Holocaust Survivors and their Children." American Journal of Social Psychiatry, 3(1), 21-23.

(1990). "Recurrent Problems in the Treatment of Survivors and their Children." In M.S. Bergmann & M.E. Jucovy (Eds.), Generations of the Holocaust NY: Columbia University Press, 247-266.

_____ & Jucovy, M.E. (Eds.) (1990).

Generations of the Holocaust NY: Columbia University Press, reprint. (Originally published by Basic Books, 1982)

Bergmann, M.V. (1990).

"Thoughts on SuperEgo Pathology of Survivors and their Children." In M.S. Bergmann & M.E. Jucovy (Eds.), Generations of the Holocaust NY: Columbia University Press, 287-309.

Bergstrom, Janet (ed.).

Endless night: cinema and psychoanalysis, parallel histories. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Bienstock, Bonita Ellen (Jul 1989).

"Daughters and granddaughters of female concentration camp survivors: Mother-daughter relationships" PhD Dissertation, Florida Institute of Technology. [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 50/01, p. 340]

Bistritz, J.F. (1988).

"Transgenerational Pathology in Families of Holocaust Survivors." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs and NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series], 129-144.

Blumenthal, N.N. (1981).

"Factors Contributing to Varying Degrees of Adjustment Among Children of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. Garden City, NY: Adelphi. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 42/04:1596B].

Bogaty, Nina Lynn (Jul 1987).

"The Post-Holocaust Family: A Psychohistorical Investigation into the Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma (Survivors)" PhD Dissertation, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, GSAPP, 1986 [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 48/01, p. 256.]

Boszormenyi-Nagy, I. & Spark, G.M. (1973).

Invisible Loyalties: Reciprocity in Intergenerational Family Therapy. Hagerstown, MD: Harper & Row.

Braham, R.L. (Ed.) (1988).

The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs and NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series].

Brendler, Konrad, Rexilius, Günter.

Conference: Bergische Universitat-Gesamthochschule Wuppertal. Fachbereich Gesellschaftswissenschaften. Conference: Internationales Forschungskolloquium Lernen und Psudo-Lernen in der Aufarbeitung des Holocaust (1989 : Wuppertal, Germany) Title: Drei Generationen im Schatten der NS-Vergangenheit : Beiträge zum internationalen Forschungskolloquium Lernen und Pseudo-lernen in der Aufarbeitung des Holocaust / herausgegeben von Konrad Brendler und Günter Rexilius. Publisher: Wuppertal : Bergische Universität Gesamthochschule Wuppertal, Fachbereich Gesellschaftswissenschaften und Fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaften, 1991

Breslau, Ilana M.(Jul 2002).

"Intergenerational transmission of trauma in Holocaust survivors and their offspring" PhD Dissertation, Farleigh Dickinson University [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 63/01, p. 516]

Brodzki, Gayle S.(2000)

"Transgenerational effects of the Holocaust: Problematic anger in female children of Holocaust survivors" Dissertation. Adelphi University. ISBN 0-599-59577-9

Brown, Eva Metzger (1998).

"The Transmission of Trauma through Caretaking: Patterns of Behaviour in Holocaust Families: Re-enactment in a Facilitated Long-term Second-Generation Group." Smith College Studies in Social Work, 68(3), 267-285.

Budick, C. (1985).

"An Investigation of the Effect of Holocaust Survivor Parents on their Children." Ph.D. Dissertation. Providence: University of Rhode Island. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 46:4005].

Burchardt, N. (1992).

"Transgenerational Transmission in the Families of Holocaust Survivors in England." In International Yearbook of Oral History and Life Stories Oxford: Oxford University Press, 121-137.

Cahn, A. (1987).

"The Capacity to Acknowledge Experience in Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Ph.D. Dissertation. Garden City, NY: Adelphi University. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 49:1381].

Chaitin, Julia

(2000). "Facing the Holocaust in generations of families of survivors – The case of Partial Relevance and interpersonal values." Contemporary Family Therapy, 22(3): 289-313.

(2002). "Issues and interpersonal values among three generations in families of Holocaust survivors." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 19 (3): 385 – 408.

(2002)."Children and grandchildren face the Holocaust: The case of Paradoxical Relevance." Holocaust Citizenship and Education. Budapest: Hannah Arendt Foundation and Goethe Institute. (in Hungarian)

(forthcoming). "Living with the past: Coping and value patterns in families of Holocaust survivors." Family Process.

_____ & Bar-On, D.

(2002) "Emotional memories of family relationships during the Holocaust." Journal of Loss and Trauma, (4): 299 -325.

(2002) "The family during the Holocaust: Memories of parent-child relationships." Mind and Human Interaction, 12(4): 238 – 260.

(accepted for publication). "Remembering and talking, remembering (?) and silence: Emotional memories of parent-child relationships during the Holocaust". In B. Bannasch (ed.) Verbot der Bilder – Gebot der Erinnerung. Frankfurt-Main: Campus Verlag.

Chandler-Burns, R. M.

Denial Takes Many Forms, a Discussion at the World Congress of Pyschoanalysis about Therapists' Experiences with COS patients.

Chodoff, P. (1975).

"Psychiatric Aspects of the Nazi Persecution." In S. Arieti, (Ed.), American Handbook of Psychiatry, Vol. VI, NY: Basic, 932-946.

Cooper, H. (1995).

"The Second Generation ‘Syndrome.’" Journal of Holocaust Education, 4(2), 131-146.

Danieli, Y.

(1980) "Countertransference in the Treatment and Study of Nazi Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Victimology, 5, 3-4. 49.

(1981a). "Differing Adaptational Styles in Families of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: Some Implications for Treatment." Children Today, 10(5), 6-10,ff.

(1981b). "Exploring the Factors in Jewish Identity Formation (in Children of Survivors)." In G. Rosen (Ed.), Consultation on the Psychodynamics of Jewish Identity: Summary of Proceedings. NY: American Jewish Committee & CCAR, 22-25.

(1981c). "The Group Project for Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Children Today, 10(5), 11-13. 52.

(1982a). "Families of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: Some Short- and Long-term Effects." In C.D. Spielberger, I.G. Sarason & N. Milgram (Eds.), Stress and Anxiety [vol. 8]. NY: McGraw-Hill/Hemisphere, 405-421.

(1982b)." Therapists’ Difficulties in Treating Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust and their Children." Ph.D. Dissertation. NY: NYU. [Dissertation Abstracts International, #949-904].

(1984). "Psychotherapists’ Participation in the Conspiracy of Silence about the Holocaust." Psychoanalytic Psychology, 1, 23-42.

(1985)."The Treatment and Prevention of Long-term Effects and Intergenerational Transmission of Victimization: A Lesson from Holocaust Survivors and their Children." In C.R. Figley (Ed.), Trauma and Its Wake, Vol. 1: The Study and Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. NY: Brunner/Mazel, 295-313.

(1988a). "Confronting the Unimaginable: Psychotherapists’ Reactions to Victims of the Holocaust." In J.P. Wilson & B. Kahana (Eds.), Human Adaptation to Extreme Stress. NY: Plenum, 219-238. 57.

(1988b)."The Heterogeneity of Postwar Adaptation in Families of Holocaust Survivors." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs and NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series], 109-128.

(1988c). "Treating Survivors and Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust." In F.M. Ochberg (Ed.), Post-Traumatic Therapy and Victims of Violence. NY: Brunner/Mazel, 278-294.

(1989). "Mourning in Survivors and Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: The Role of Group and Community Modalities." In D.R. Dietrich & P.C. Shabad (Eds.), The Problems of Loss and Mourning: Psychoanalytic Perspectives. Madison, CT: International University Press, 427-460.

(1993). "The Diagnostic and Therapeutic Use of the Multigenerational Family Tree in Working with Survivors and Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust." In J.P. Wilson & B. Raphael (Eds.), International Handbook of Traumatic Stress Syndromes. NY: Plenum, 889-898. 61. Danieli, Y. (Ed.) (1998). International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma NY: Plenum.

Dasberg, H.

(1987) "Psychological Distress of Holocaust Survivors and Offspring in Israel: Forty Years Later. A Review." Israel Journal Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 24, 243-256.

(1993) "Relations between Three Generations in Families of Shoa Survivors". BA thesis. Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv.

AMCHA The National Israeli Center for Psychosocial Support of Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation: Raisons d'Etre

(1999) Myths and Taboos among Israeli First- and Second-Generation Psychiatrists in Regard to the Holocaust Echos of the Holocaust Issue 6, April 2000

______, Brom, D. & Kfir, R. (1993).

"Empirical Evidence for the 'Second Generation Complex.' " Third European Conference on Traumatic Stress, Bergen, Norway.

Davidson, S.

(1979)."Long-term Psychological Sequelae in Holocaust Survivors and their Families." In Israel-Netherlands Symposium on the Impact of Persecution. Rijswijk, The Netherlands, 62-67.

(1980a). "The Clinical Effects of Massive Psychic Trauma in Families of Holocaust Survivors." Journal Marital & Family Therapy, 6(1), 11-21.

(1980b). "Transgenerational Transmission in the Families of Holocaust Survivors." International Journal Family Psychiatry, 1, 95-112.

(1992)." The Transmission of PsychoPathology in Families of Concentration Camp Survivors." In I.W. Charny (Ed.), Holding on to Humanity – The Message of Holocaust Survivors: The Shamai Davidson Papers. NY: New York University Press, 88-120 (chap. 5).

de Graaf, T.K.

(1975). "Pathological Patterns of Identification in Families of Survivors of the Holocaust." Israel Annals Psychiatry, 13, 335-363.

(1998). "A Family Therapeutic Approach to Transgenerational Traumatization." Family Process, 37(2), 233-243.

Del Core Schmidt, Caryn (Jun 2003)

"Exploring the effects of recalled exposure to Holocaust information on the psychological functioning of young adult Germans" PhD Dissertation, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 63/12, p. 6090]

Eickhoff, F.W. (1989).

On the “Borrowed Unconsciousness Sense of Guilt” and the Palimpsestic Structure of a Symptom: AfterThoughts of the Hamburg Congress of the IPA." International Review of Psycho-Analysisysis; 16(3), 323-329.

Eitinger, L. & Krell, R. (1985).

The Psychological and Medical Effects of Concentration Camps and Related Persecutions on Survivors of the Holocaust: A Research Bibliography. Vancouver: University of Brittish Columbia Press.

Elkin, Abbie (Feb 2003)

"Assessing intergenerational transmission of PTSD in offspring of Holocaust survivors using a Holocaust- related Stroop task" PhD Dissertation, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 63/08, p. 3910]

Epstein, A.W.

(1982)."Mental Phenomena Across Generations: The Holocaust." Journal American Academyemy of Psychoanalysis, 10(4), 565-570.

(1979). Children of the Holocaust: Conversations with Sons and Daughters of Survivors. NY: Putnam.

Eskin, V.

"The Impact of Parental Communication of Holocaust-Related Trauma on Children of Holocaust Survivors." In J. Lemberger (Ed.), A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 377-390. (1995)

"The impact of parental communication of Holocaust related trauma on children" PhD Dissertation, New York University [Dissertation Abstracts International -A 57/08, p. 3680, Feb 1997]

Felsen, I.V. (1998)

"Transgenerational Transmission of Effects of the Holocaust: The North American Research Perspective. In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma NY: Plenum, 43-68 (ch. 2).

_____ & Erlich, S. (1990).

"Identification Patterns of Offspring of Holocaust Survivors with their Parents." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 60, 506-520.

Figley, Charles R. (1995)

Compassion Fatigue: Coping with secondary Traumatic stress Disorder in Those Who Treat the Traumatized. (Introduction on the web: "Compassion Fatigue: An Introduction")

Finer-Greenberg, R. (1987).

"Factors Contributing to the Degree of PsychoPathology in First- and Second-Generation Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. LA: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 49:1939].

Fishbane, M.D. (1979).

"Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: A Psychological Inquiry." Ph.D. Dissertation. Amherst, MA: University of Mass. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 40:4408].

Fogelman, E.

(1988a). "Intergenerational Group Therapy: Child Survivors of the Holocaust and Offspring of Survivors.' Psychoanalytic Review, 75(4), 619-640.

(1988b).' Therapeutic alternatives for Holocaust Survivors and Second Generation." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs and NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series], 79-106.

(1989). "Group Treatment as a Therapeutic Modality for Generations of the Holocaust." In P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds.), Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and Their Families. NY: Praeger, 119-133.

(1998). "Group BeLonging and Mourning as Factors in Resilience in Second Generation of Holocaust Survivors." Psychoanalytic Review, 85(4), 537-549.

_____ & Savran, B.

(1979). "Therapeutic Groups for Children of Holocaust Survivors." International Journal Group Psychotherapy, 29, 211-235.

(1980). "Brief Group Therapy with Offspring of Holocaust Survivors.' American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 50(1), 96-108.

Fonagy, P.

(1999) "The transgenerational transmission of holocaust trauma." Attachment & Human Development, 1, 1999, 92-114.

Fresco, N. (1984).

"Remembering the Unknown." International Review of Psycho-Analysis, 11, 417-427.

Freyberg, J.T.

(1980). "Difficulties in Separation-Individuation as Experienced by Offspring of Nazi Holocaust Survivors." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 50(1), 87-95.

(1989). The Emerging Self in the Survivor Family. In P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds.), Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and Their Families. NY: Praeger, 85-104.

Furman, E. (1973).

"The Impact of Nazi Concentration Camps on the Children of Survivors." In E.J. Anthony & C. Koupernick (Eds.), The Child and his Family, Vol 2: The Impact of Disease and Death. NY: Wiley, 379-384.

Furshpan, M. (1986).

"Family Dynamics as Perceived by the Second Generation of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. Buffalo: SUNY. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 47:271].

Gampel, Y.

(1990). "A Daughter of Silence. In M.S. Bergmann & M.E. Jucovy (Eds.), Generations of the Holocaust. NY: Columbia University Press, 120-136.

(1992). "Thoughts about the Transmission of Conscious and Unconscious Knowledge in the Generation Born After the Shoah." Journal Social Work and Policy in Israel, 5/6, 43-50.

Gay, M. (1972).

"Children of ex-Concentration Camp Inmates." In L. Miller (Ed.), Mental Health in Rapid Social Change. Jerusalem: Academyemic Press, 337-338.

_____, Fuchs, J. & Blittner, M. (1974).

"Characteristics of the Offspring of Holocaust Survivors in Israel." Mental Health & Society, 1, 302-312.

_____ & Shulman, S. (1978).

"Comparison of Children of Holocaust Survivors with Children of the General Population in Israel: Are Children of Holocaust-Survivor Parents more Disturbed than Others?" Mental Health & Society, 5, 252-256.

Gertler, R.J. (1986).

"A Study of Interpersonal Adjustment in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. Palo Alto: Pacific Graduate School of Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 47:4298].

Gertz, K.R. (1986).

"Psychosocial Characteristics of Children whose Parent(s) Survived the Nazi Holocaust and Children whose Parents were not in the Nazi Holocaust and Implications for Counseling Children of Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. LA: UCLA. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 47:3312].

Glassman, Gaby R.

"Intergenerational Protection in Holocaust Survivor Families and its Impact on the Second Generation's Other Relationships" "If Not Now" e-Journal Volume 1, Fall 2000, adaptation from a paper presented at the AMCHA conference in Jerusalem in November 1998

Covers the communication between the first and second generation and considers the impact this has had on their relationships with the third generation and with their partners, friends and colleagues.

Goldkorn-Lichtman, H. (1983).

"Children of Survivors of the Holocaust: A Personality Study." Ph.D. Dissertation. Jerusalem: Hebrew University.

Goldhar, Jodeme;David, Paula

"The Effects of A Support Group Intervention on Adult Children of Holocaust Survivor's Self-Reports of Feelings of Isolation: A Single Subject Social Work Research Study." "If Not Now" e-Journal Volume 1, Fall 2000

Goldsmith, Marilynn (Nov 1986)

Family Patterns Across Three Generations of Holocaust Survivor Families (Second, Systems, Archetypal Event) PhD Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 47/05, p. 2195]

Goldwasser, N. (1986).

"Effects of the Holocaust on Survivors and their Families." In S.M. Auerbach & A.L. Stolberg (Eds.), Crisis Intervention with Children and Families. Washington, DC: Hemisphere, 227-242.

Goodman, J. (1979).

'The Transmission of Parental Trauma: Second Generation Effects of Nazi Concentration Camp Survival.' Ph.D. Dissertation. Fresno: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 39/08:4031].

Gopen Hyman, Amanda Rachel (Feb 2004

"The aftermath of the Holocaust trauma across family generations: Family environment, relationship environment and empathy of the third generation." PhD Dissertation, New School University [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 64/08, p. 4037]

Gordon, A.C. (1990).

"Self-disclosure in Holocaust Survivors: Effects on the Next Generation." In G. Stricker & M. Fisher (Eds.), Self-Disclosure in the Therapeutic Relationship. NY: Plenum, 227-245.

Gorko, Simone

"Myths and Realities About Offspring of Holocaust Survivors: An Overview of Research Findings" Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, 2000

Gottesfeld, J., van der Hal, E. & Tauber, Y. (1995).

"An Alternative Model of Group Work with Second Generation Holocaust Survivors." In J. Lemberger (Ed.), A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 391-399.

Greenblatt, S. (1978).

"The Influence of Survivor Guilt on Chronic Family Crisis." Journal Psychology and JuDissertation Abstracts International sm, 2, 19-28.

Grinblat K. (ed.) (2001)

Children of the Shadows: Voices of the Second Generation. Crawley: University of Western Australia

Gross, S. (1988).

"The Relationship of Severity of the Holocaust Condition to Survivors’ Child-rearing Abilities and their Offspring’s Mental Health." Family Therapy, 15, 211-222.

Grubrich-Simitis, I.

(1981). 'Extreme Traumatization as Cumulative Trauma: Psychoanalytic Investigations of the Effects of Concentration Camp Experiences on Survivors and their Children." Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 36, 415-450.

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Beginning with an overview of the services developed to assist survivors and their children, the papers in this monograph go on to describe the pychological effects of the Holocaust on survivors, including child survivors, and on the children of survivors, members of the Second Generation. Papers address the difficulties of separation and parting for survivors and their children. The authors debate the merits of psychological and social welfare models of assistance. Finally, they present models of group and individual psychotherapeutic interventions for members of the Second Generation.

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"Themes in the life world of children of survivors of the Holocaust" PhD Dissertation, York University, Canada. [Dissertation Abstracts International -A 50/09, p. 3063]

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The Social Inheritance of the Holocaust: Gender, Culture and Memory

Challenges current thinking on memory by examining the gendnering of the social inheritance. Compares transmition in US, Poland, and Britain through historiography, autobiographies, documentary and feature films, memorial sites, and museums. Explores socially inherited memories about the Holocaust in young people of different cultural backgrounds.

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"Children of Holocaust Survivors: A Concurrent Validity Study of a Survivor Family Typology." Ph.D. Dissertation. Berkeley: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 43:1626].

Rieck, M.

(1991). "Die Nachkommen der Holocaust-Uberlebenden. Ein Literaturuberblick." [Holocaust Survivors’ Offspring: A Literature survey]. In Ralph-Patrick Beigel, Nahid Freudenberg, Niklas Schmitt, Hans Stoffels (Ed.), Schicksale der Verfolgten. Psychische und Somatische Auswirkungen von Terrorherrschaft. Heidelberg: Springer, 129-147.

(1994). "The Psychological State of Holocaust Survivors’ Offspring: An Epidemiological and Psychodiagnostic Study." International Journal Behavioral Development [Special Section: Children and Political Violence] 17(4), 649-667.

Rieck, M. & Eitinger, L. (1983).

"Controlled Psycho-Diagnostic Studies of Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Israel Journal Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 20(4), 312-324.

Riess, M.

"An American Son's Reflections on his German-Jewish Father's Experiences in Nazi Germany." Presentation as part of 1st Annual Silberman Symposium, October, 1996.

Rim, Y. (1991).

"Coping Styles of (First- and Second-Generation) Holocaust Survivors." Personality and Individual Differences, 12(12), 1315-1317.

Robinson, S. & Winnik, H.Z. (1981).

"Second Generation of the Holocaust. Holocaust Survivors’ Communication of Experience to their Children and its Effects." Israel Journal Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 18(2), 99-107.

Roden, R.G. & Roden, M.M. (1982).

"Children of Holocaust Survivors." Adolescent Psychiatry, 10, 66-72.

Rose, S.L. (1983).

"Adaptive Behavior and Coping Among Children of Holocaust Survivors: A Controlled Comparative Investigation." Ph.D. Dissertation. Athens, OH: Ohio University. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 44].

_____ & Garske, J. (1987).

"Family Environment, Adjustment, and Coping Among Children of Holocaust Survivors: A Comparative Investigation." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 57(3), 332-344.

Rosen, R. (1986).

"Impact of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, World War II on the Next Generation." Journal Nervous & Mental Disease, 174, 319-327.

Rosenberger, L. (1973).

"Children of Survivors." In E.J. Anthony & C. Koupernik (Eds.), The Child and his Family, Vol 2: The Impact of Disease and Death. NY: Wiley, 375-377.

Rosenblum, M. (1988).

"Lessons of the Holocaust for Mental Health Practice." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. NY: City University of NY [Holocaust Studies Series. Social Science Monographs], 145-159.

Rosenkotter, L. (1982).

"The Formation of Ideals in the Succession of Generations." In M.S. Bergmann & M.E. Jucovy (Eds.), Generations of the Holocaust. NY: Columbia University Press, 176-182.

Rosenman, S. (1984).

"Out of the Holocaust: Children as Scarred Souls and Tempered Redeemers." Journal Psychohistory, 18, 35-69.

_____ & Handelsman, I. (1992).

"Rising from the Ashes: Modeling Resiliency in a Community Devastated by Man-made Catastrophe." American Imago, 49(2), 185-226.

Rosenthal, P.A. & Rosenthal, S. (1980).

"Holocaust Effect in the Third Generation: Child of Another Time." American Journal Psychotherapy, 34(4), 572-580.

Roth, John K.; Maxwell, Elisabeth; Levy, Margot; Whitworth, Wendy (eds.) (2000)

Remembering for the Future. The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide. Houndmills: Palgrave.

Rowland-Klein, D. & Dunlop, R. (1998).

"The Transmission of Trauma Across Generations: Identification with Parental Trauma in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Australia-New Zealand Journal Psychiatry, 32(3), 358-369.

Rubenstein, I (April 1982)

"Multigenerational Occurrence of Survivor Syndrome Symptoms in Families of Holocaust Survivors.' PhD Dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology - Fresno [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 42/10, p. 4209]

__________., Cutter, F. & Templer, D.I. (1990).

"Multigenerational Occurrence of Survivor Syndrome Symptoms in Families of Holocaust Survivors.' Journal Death & Dying, 20(3), 239-244.

Ruedenberg-Wright, Lucia. (1997)

Second and Third Generations: Where Do We Go From Here?

Write-up of a 20-minute talk on the psychology of the Second/Third Generations at the Association for Jewish Studies, 29th Annual Conference December 21-23, 1997, Boston MA for the panel: The Second Generation and Holocaust Memory in American, Europe, and Israel. Chaired by Ephraim Sicher.

Russell, A.

(1974). "Late Psychological Consequences in Concentration Camp Survivors’ Families." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 44, 611-619.

(1980). "Late Effects-Influence on Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." In J.E. Dimsdale (Ed.), Survivors, Victims and Perpetrators. NY: Hemisphere, 175-204.

Russell, A., Plotkin, D. & Heapy, N. (1985).

"Adaptive Abilities in Non-Clinical Second Generation Holocaust Survivors and Controls: A Comparison." American Journal Psychotherapy, 39, 564-579.

Rustin, S.L.

(1971). "Guilt, Hostility and Jewish Identification Among a Self-Selected Sample of Late Adolescent Children of Jewish Concentration Camp Survivors: A Descriptive Study." Ph.D. Dissertation. NY: NYU. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 32:1859].

(1980). "The Legacy is Loss." Journal Contemporary Psychotherapy, 11, 32-43.

(1988). A Psychological Examination of the Survivors of the Holocaust and the Generation After." In R.L. Braham (Ed.), The Psychological Perspectives of the Holocaust and of Its Aftermath. Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs and NY: CUNY [Holocaust Studies Series], 161-173.

_____ & Lipsig, F. (1972).

"Psychotherapy with the Adolescent Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." Journal Contemporary Psychotherapy, 4(2), 87-94.

Rutter, M. (1999).

'Resilience Concepts and Findings: Implications for Family Therapy." Journal Family Therapy, 21, 119-144.

Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Grossmann, Klaus E,; Scharf, Miri; Koren-Karie, Nina; Alkalay, Sarit. (2003)

"Attachment and Traumatic Stress in Female Holcoaust Child Survivors and Their Daughters." (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

Savran, B. & Fogelman, E. (1979).

"Psychological Issues in the Lives of Children of Holocaust Survivors: The Child as Adult." In L.Y. Steinitz & D.M. Szonyi (Eds.), Living After the Holocaust: Reflections by the Children of Survivors in America. NY: Bloch, 147-156.

Sawyer, R. (1981).

"The Group Project for Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Children Today, 10(5), 19-21.

Schecker, Suzanne Brita (Jan 1997)

"Exploring the psychological effects of the Holocaust on the second generation: A phenomenological inquiry with children of Holocaust survivors and children of parents who served the Third Reich" EdD dissertation, University of Massachussetts, Amherst. [Dissertation Abstracts International -A 57/07, p. 2882]

Schindler, R. (1992).

"Introduction: the Impact of the Holocaust on the Second Generation." Journal Social Work and Policy in Israel, 5-6, 11-15.

Schleuderer, C.G. (1990).

"Issues of the Phoenix: Personality Characteristics of Children of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Georgia. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 51:4066].

Schneider, Geanie Klapholz (Jan 1997)

"Transgenerational effects of the Holocaust: Levels of object relatedness and intimacy in adult children of survivors." PhD Dissertation, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies. [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 57/07, p. 4724]

Schneider, S.

(1978) "Attitudes Towards Death in Adolescent Offspring of Holocaust Survivors." Adolescence, 13, 575-583.

(1981). "A Proposal for Treating Adolescent Offspring of Holocaust Survivors." Journal Psychology and JuDissertation Abstracts International sm, 6(1), 68-76.

(1988). "Attitudes Toward Death in Adolescent Offspring of Holocaust Survivors: A Comparison of Israeli and American Adolescents." Adolescence, 23, 703-710.

Schreuder Bas J.N.

What the eye doesn't see but what the heart does grieve over On the cognitive-emotional processing of war trauma by parents and their children - Address of Thursday, April 22, 1999

Schulberg, C.H. (1997).

"An Unwanted Inheritance: Healing Transgenerational Trauma of the Nazi Holocaust through the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music." Arts in Psychotherapy, 24(4), 323-345.

Schulman, M.D. (1987).

"Factors Related to Experiences of Depression Among Children of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. NY: CUNY. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 48:1820].

Schutzenberger, A.A. (1998).

The Ancestor Syndrome. London: Routledge.

Schwartz, Karin (2001)

"Exploring family dynamics, eating attitudes and behaviors: A qualitative analysis of female children of Holocaust survivors" PhD Dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology - Berkeley/Alameda ISBN 0-493-39437-0

Schwartz, R.P. (1986).

"The Effect of Parental Communication of Trauma on Offspring of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. NY: Columbia University. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 47:4314].

Schwartz S., Dohrenwend BP, Levav I Columbia University, New York, NY 10032

"Nongenetic Familial Transmission of Psychiatric Disorders? Evidence from Children of Holocaust Survivors" Journal of Health & Social Behavior 35(4): 385-402, 1994 Dec.

Seifter Abrams, M. (1999).

"Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma: Recent Contributions from the Literature of Family Systems Approaches to Treatment." American Journal Psychotherapy, 53(2), 225-231.

Shafat, R. (1994).

"Commitment to Parents as Unresolvable Problems in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Sihot, 8, 23-27.

Shiryon, S.

"The Second Generation Leaves Home: The Function of the Sibling Subgroup in the Separation-Individuation Process of the Survivor Family." Family Therapy, 15, 239-253.(1988).

"The Second Generation Leaves Home: The Function of the Sibling Subgroup in the Separation-Individuation Process of the Survivor Family." PhD Dissertation, The Wright Institute. [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 43/10, p. 3376, Apr 1983]

Shoshan, T. (1989).

"Mourning and Longing from Generation to Generation." American Journal Psychotherapy, 43(2), 193-207.

Sigal, John J

"Resilience in Survivors, Their Children and Their Grandchildren" Echos of the Holocaust Issue 4, June 1995

________; Weinfeld, Morton

(1973). "Hypotheses and Methodology in the Study of Families of Holocaust Survivors." In E.J. Anthony and C. Koupernick (Eds.), The Child and his Family, Vol 2: The Impact of Disease and Death. NY: Wiley, 411-415.

(1976). "Effects of Paternal Exposure to Prolonged Stress on the Mental Health of the Spouse and Children." Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 21, 170-177.

(1989) Trauma and Rebirth : Intergenerational Effects of the Holocaust Praeger

Examines the long-term consequences of the Holocaust on survivors and their children four decades after the war, based on findings drawn from two sample surveys of Jewish residents in Montreal. Covers, among other things, personality, familial interactions, vocational achievements, sociopolitical attitudes.

(1990). "The Nature of Evidence for Intergenerational Effects of the Holocaust." In M.S. Bergmann & M.E. Jucovy (Eds.), Generations of the Holocaust. NY: Columbia University Press, 363-376.

(1998). "Long-term Effects of the Holocaust: Empirical Evidence for Resilience in the First, Second, and Third Generation." Psychoanalytic Review, 85(4), 579-585.

(1999). "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children of Holocaust Survivors." American Journal Psychiatry, 156(8), 1295.

_____, DiNicola, V.F. & Buonvino, M. (1988).

"Grandchildren of Survivors: Can negative Effects of Prolonged Exposure to Excessive Stress be Observed Two Generations later?" Canadian Journal Psychiatry, 33(3), 207-212.

_____ & Rakoff, V. (1971).

"Concentration Camp Survival: A Pilot Study of Effects on the Second Generation." Canadian Psychiatry and Society Journal, 16, 393-397.

_____, Silver, D., Rakoff, V. & Ellin, E. (1973).

"Some Second-Generation Effects of Survival of the Nazi Persecution." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 43, 320-327.

_____. & Weinfeld, M.

(1985). "The Control of Aggression in Children of Survivors of Nazi Persecution." Journal Abnormal Psychology, 94, 556-564.

(1987). Mutual Involvement and Alienation in Families of Holocaust Survivors." Psychiatry, 50(3), 280-288.

Silverman, W.K. (1987).

"Methodological Issues in the Study of Transgenerational Effects of the Holocaust: Comments on Nadler, Kav-Venaki, and Gleitman." Journal Consulting and Clin Psychology, 55(1), 125-128.

Simon, D.A. (1995).

"Guilt and Achievement Motivation Among Children of Holocaust Survivors: An Exploratory Study." Ph.D. Dissertation. LA: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 57:1454].

Slipp, S. (1978).

"The Children of Survivors of Nazi Concentration Camps: A Pilot Study of the Transmission of Psychic Trauma." In L.R. Wolberg & M.L. Aronson (Eds.), Group Therapy. NY: Stratton International.

Snider, F.L. (1990).

"Holocaust Trauma and Imagery: The Systemic Transmission into the Second Generation." In M.P. Mirkin (Ed.), The Social and Political Contexts of Family Therapy. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Snyders, Jean-Claude.

" Drames enfouis" Paris : Editions Buchet-Chastel, c1996. ISBN: 2702017045

Solkoff, N.

(1981). "Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: A Critical Review of the Literature." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 51, 29-42.

(1992a). "Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust: A Critical Review of the Literature." American Journal Orthopsychiatry, 62, 342-358. [Note: Update of 1981 edition, with papers written since that publication].

(1992b). "The Holocaust: Survivors and their Children." In M. Basoglu (Ed.), Torture and Its Consequences: Current Treatment Approaches. Cambridge, Eng: Cambridge University Press, 136-148.

Solomon, Z. (1998).

"Transgenerational Effects of the Holocaust: The Israeli Research Perspective." In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma. NY: Plenum, 69-84 (ch. 3).

_____, Kotler, M. & Mikulincer, M. (1988).

"Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Second Generation Holocaust Survivors: Preliminary Findings." American Journal Psychiatry, 145(7), 865-868.

Sonnenberg, S.M. (1974).

"Children of Survivors: Workshop Report." Journal American Psychoanalytic Association, 22, 200-204.

Sorscher N., Cohen LJ. Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, USA

(1991). "The Effects of Parental Communication of Wartime Experiences on Children of Survivors of the Holocaust." Ph.D. Dissertation. Garden City, NY: Adelphi University. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 52:4482].

(1997) "Trauma in Children of Holocaust Survivors: Transgenerational Effects." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 67 (3): 493-500

Staffa, C. & Krondorfer, B. (1992).

"The Third Generation After the Shoah: Between Remembering, Repressing, and Commemorating. Attempts of a Common Time in Philadelphia, Berlin and Auschwitz." Berlin: Evangelische Akademie Bildungswerk, Documentation 88/92.

Stein, H.F. (1978).

"JuDissertation Abstracts International sm and the Group-Fantasy of Martyrdom: The Psychodynamic Paradox of Survival through Persecution." Journal Psychohistory, 6(2), 151-210.

Steinberg, A.

(1989). "Holocaust Survivors and their Children: A Review of the Clinical Literature." In P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds.), Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and Their Families. NY: Praeger, 23-48.

(1995b)."Coming Home from Trauma: Clinical Directions in Research with Holocaust Survivors’ Children." Paper presented at the Conference: Coming Home from Trauma: The Next Generation, Muteness and the Search for a Voice. New Haven: Yale Trauma Center.

Steinitz, L. & Szonyi, D.M. (1979).

Living After the Holocaust: Reflections by the Children of Survivors in America. NY: Bloch.

Stern, Z.Y. (1995).

"The Experience of Parenthood Among Children of Holocaust Survivors: Reworking a Traumatic Legacy." Ph.D. Dissertation. Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 56:3465].

Strauss, R. (1995).

"Group Therapy with the Second Generation of Holocaust Survivors." In J. Lemberger (Ed.), A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 401-412.

Suedfeld, Peter (1999)

"The Past as the Crossroads of the Present and the Future: Reverberations of the Holocaust" This paper was presented as the Presidential Address at the Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Halifax, N.S., 20 May, 1999. A later version will be published in Canadian Psychology.

Tauber, I. (1980).

"Second-Generation Effects of the Nazi Holocaust: A Psychological Study of a Nonclinical Sample in North America." Ph.D. Dissertation. Berkeley: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 41:4692].

Tauber, Yvonne (1998)

In the Other Chair: Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation as Therapists and Clients, AMCHA

Ten psychotherapists, survivors and children of survivors of the Holocaust explore their own biographies and professional choices and responses. The uncovering of what the author has called 'a priori countertransference' is a model for training for therapeutic work with Holocaust survivors and their children, and victims of other severe traumatization.

Tork, Michaela Eva

"The shadow of the object: Mourning and melancholia in autobiographical film and video about the Holocaust" PhD Dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles, ISBN 0-493-38441-3

Psychoanalytic study of autobiographical films and videos about the Holocaust in which survivors and their descendents reminisce how this historical trauma has impacted their lives.

Trachtenberg, M. & Davis, M. (1978).

"Breaking the Silence: Serving Children of Holocaust Survivors." Journal Jewish Communal Svc, 54, 294-302.

Trossman, B. (1968).

"Adolescent Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." Journal Canad Psychiatric Association, 13, 121-123.

Tytell, Tikva (Feb 1999)

"Trauma and its aftermath: A differentiated picture of aftereffects of trauma in daughters of Holocaust survivors" PhD Dissertation, New School for Social Research [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 59/08, p. 4490]

Van der Hal, E., Tauber, Y. & Gottesfeld, J. (1969).

"Open Groups for Children of Holocaust Survivors." International Journal Group Psychotherapy, 46, 193-208.

van IJzendoorn, Marinus H; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham. (October 2003)

"Are Children of Holocaust Survivors Less Well-Adapted? A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Secondary Traumatization" (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

Vayzer-Milberg, Alvera (2001)

"Relationship of religiosity to stress resilience and degree of PTSD symptomology in children of Holocaust survivors and escapees" PhD Dissertation. Hofstra University. ISBN 0-599-99024-4.

Virag, T. (1984).

"Children of the Holocaust and their Children’s Children: Working through Current Trauma in the Psychotherapeutic Process." Dynamic Psychotherapy, 2(1), 47-60.

Vogel, M.L. (1994).

"Gender as a Factor in the Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma." Women and Therapy, 15(2), 35-47.

Waldfogel, S. (1991).

"Physical Illness in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Genl Hospital Psychiatry, 13, 267-269.

Walisever, Helene B. (Oct 1995)

"The effect of traumatic loss on attachment and emotional organization: An intergenerational study." PhD Dissertation, Long Island University, The Brooklyn Center [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 56/04, p. 2345]

Wanderman, E.

(1979). "Children and Families of Holocaust Survivors: A Psychological Overview." In L. Steinitz & D.M. Szonyi, Living After the Holocaust: Reflections by the Children of Survivors in America. NY: Bloch.

(1980). "Separation Problems, Depressive Experiences, and Conception of Parents in Children of Concentration Camp Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. NY: NYU. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 41:704].

Wardi, Dina

Memorial Candles : Children of the Holocaust (International Library of Group Psychotherapy) Tavistock, 1992

(1994). "Bonding and Separateness, Two Major Factors in the Relations Between Holocaust Survivors and their Children." Journal Aging and Mental Health, 14, 119-131.

(1995). "Familial and Collective Identity." In J. Lemberger (Ed.). A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 331-340.

Weeks, Theresa M. (Aug 2000)

"Exploration of the emergence of child symptomatology associated with parental acute and chronic distress." Psy Dissertation, Spalding University [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 61/02, p. 1100]

Weiler, Liat (Jun 1989)

"Families of Holocaust survivors adaptation in America and Israel." Psy Dissertation Hahnemann University Graduate School [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 49/12, p. 5536]

Weinfeld, M. & Sigal, J. (1986).

"The Effects of the Holocaust on Selected Sociopolitical Attitudes of Adult Children of Survivors." Canad Rev Sociology and Anthropology, 23, 365-382.

Weisman, B. (1986).

"Acculturation Patterns in Holocaust Survivors and Children of Holocaust Survivors." Ph.D. Dissertation. Berkeley: California School Professional Psychology.

Weiss, E., O’Connell, A.N. & Siiter, R. (1986).

"Comparisons of Second-Generation Holocaust Survivors, Immigrants and Non-Immigrants on Measures of Mental Health" Journal Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 828-831.

Weiss, M. & Schindler, S. (1995).

"Short-term Therapy for Second Generation Holocaust Survivors at AMCHA/Ramat Gan." In J. Lemberger (Ed.), A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 413-422.

Weiss, M.D. (1988).

"Parental Uses of Authority and Discipline by Holocaust Survivors." Family Therapy [Special Issue: Children and the Holocaust], 15(3), 199-209.

Weiss, Micha, Weiss, Sima. (2000).

"Case Study Second Generation to Holocaust Suvivors: Enhanced Differentiation of Trauma Transmission." America Journal of Psychotherapy Volume 54, Number 3, 2000. p. 372-385.

Weissmark, M.S., Giacomo, D.A. & Kuphal, I.

(1993) "Narcissism, Interpersonal Adjustment and Coping in Children of Holocaust Survivors." Journal Psychology, 127(3), 257-269.

(2003) Justice Matters: Legacies of the Holocaust and World War II

Examines the psychology of hatred and ethnic resentments passed from generation to generation, argues that while legal systems offer a structured means for redressing injustice, it often does not redress the emotional pain, which, left unresolved, is then passed along to the next generation-leading to entrenched ethnic tension and group conflict. Chronicles a study of children of survivors and Nazis, and finds that story-telling is central to keeping the cycle of ethnic and religious strife alive is, with each side recounting the injustice it suffered and the valor shown by avenging its own group.

Wetter, Michael G. (Feb 1999)

"The intergenerational transmission of increased anxiety traits in third-generation Holocaust survivors." Psy Dissertation, Pepperdine University, [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 59/08, p. 4493]

Wieder, J.A. (1985).

Children of Holocaust Survivors: Differentiation from Family of Origin and its Relationship to Family Dynamics." Ph.D. Dissertation. LA: California School of Professional Psychology. [Dissertation Abstracts International, 46:4039].

Wilgowicz, P. (1985).

"The Effects of the Holocaust on the Children of Former Prisoners and Survivors." In J. Lemberger (Ed.), A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation. Jerusalem: AMCHA/Brookdale, 423-438.

Williams, M. & Kestenberg, J. (1974).

" Introduction and Discussion in Workshop on Children of Survivors." Journal American Psychoanalytic Association, 24, 327-333.

Williams, Sandra S.

Impact of the Holocaust of Survivors and Their Children Psychological Responses of both the Parents and the Children as well as compares pre- to post-Holocaust Families.

Wilson, A. (1985).

"On Silence and the Holocaust: A Contribution to Clinical Theory." Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 5(1), 63-84.

Wilson, A. & Fromm, E. (1982).

"Aftermath of the Concentration Camp: The Second Generation." American Academy Psychoanalysis, 10(2), 289-313.

Winik, M.F. (1988).

"Generation to Generation: A Discussion with Children of Jewish Holocaust Survivors." Family Therapy [Special Issue: Children of the Holocaust], 15(3), 271-284.

Winship, G. & Knowles, J. (1996).

"The Transgenerational Impact of Cultural Trauma: Linking Phenomena in Treatment of Third Generation Survivors of the Holocaust." Brittish Journal Psychotherapy, 13(2), 259-266.

Wolfe, S. (1986).

"Researcher Disputes Studies on Children of Survivors." Northern California Jewish Bulletin, 11.

Workshop (1978).

"Children of Survivors of the Holocaust." American Psychological Association Workshop, Dec. 13.

Yehuda, Rachel Ph.D., et. al.,

"Relationship Between Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Characteristics of Holocaust Survivors and Their Adult Offspring." American Psychiatric Association May 21, 1988 (requires sign-in and fee), p. 841

"Low Cortisol and Risk for PTSD in Adult Offspring of Holocaust Survivors,"The American Journal of Psychiatry (157:1252-1259) August 2000.

_____, Schmeidler, J., Elkin, A., Wilson, S., Siever, L., Binder-Brynes, K., Wainberg, M. & Aferiot, D. (1998).

"Phenomenology and Psychobiology of the Intergenerational Response to Trauma." In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma. NY: Plenum, 639-655 (ch. 37).

_____, Schmeidler, J., Wainberg, M., Binder-Bryners, K. & Duvdevani, T. (1998).

"Vulnerability to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Adult Offspring of Holocaust Survivors." American Journal Psychiatry, 155(9), 1163-1171.

Yuchtman-Yaar, E. & Menahem, G. (1992).

"Socioeconomic Achievements of Holocaust Survivors in Israel: The First and the Second Generation." Contemporary Jewry, 13, 95-123.

Zajde, Nathalie

(1993, republished 1995) Enfants de Survivants, Paris, Ed. Odile Jacob. 218 p. (French)

La transmission du traumatisme chez les enfants des juifs rescapés de l’extermination nazie À partir d’une quarantaine d’interviews d’enfants de juifs survivants, l’auteur - grande spécialiste des traumatismes liés à la Shoah - montre qu’il est possible à ces enfants, grâces notamment aux méthodes d’ethno-psychiatrie, de reprendre leur place parmi les vivants, après avoir décrit précisément ce qu’on appelle le “ syndrome du survivant.”

(2002) Figli di sopravvissuti, Moretti e Vitali editore, Bergamo, Italie. (Italian).

(1993) Souffle sur tous ces morts et qu'ils vivent Bibliothèque d'ethnopsychiatrie (French)

(1999) An Ethnopsychiatric Approach to the Treatment of Holocaust Survivors and their Children", Selected papers from "A Time to Heal" Conference, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, P. David & J. Goldhar Editors, Toronto, Canada, pp 317-330. (English)

"Children of Shoah Survivors, New Perspectives for Treatment and Research. Relevance of an Ethnopsychiatric Approach to the Second Generation" (English)

(2001) "Treating the "unthinkable:"The psychological care of victims of the Shoah and their descendants." (English)

Zilberfein F Department of Social Work Services, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY USA

"Children of Holocaust Survivors: Separation Obstacles, Attachments, and Anxiety. [Review]" Social Work in Health Care 23(3): 35-55, 1996

Zlotogorski, Z. (1983).

(1985). Offspring of Concentration Camp Survivors: A Study of Level of Ego Functioning." Israel Journal Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 22(3), 201-209.

(1983) "Offspring of Concentration Camp Survivors: The Relationship of Perception of Family Cohesion and Adaptability to Levels of Ego Functioning." Comprehensive Psychiatry, 24(4), 345-354.

(Feb 1982) "Offspring of Concentration Camp Survivors: The Relationship of Perception of Family Cohesion and Adaptability to Levels of Ego Functioning." PhD Dissertation, Michigan State Iniversity [Dissertation Abstracts International -B 42/08, p. 3452.]

 


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Last revised: 10/07